Traditional Attire

Different types of clothes and garments are made by Mising tribe women in their handlooms with simple implements and equipment. The varieties are seen in colour combinations, designs, and motifs are woven artistically in the clothes displaying aesthetic beauty. Most of the dresses are of multicolour with massive designs except a few are of a single colour with simple or without design. Colour selection is a center of attraction of the Mising clothing. The Mising women develop their peculiar floral motifs from the natural surroundings. Main items of floral motifs are flower, tree, bird, mountains, creeper, and fish, etc. The motifs are generally designed in oval, diamond, and other geometrical shapes. Different apparels are used on different occasions in the socio-cultural life of the Mising society. Some clothes are used on certain occasions and seasons and some are used in day to day life. Some clothes are used by only one sex and some are used by both sexes. 

Males of Mising tribal wear dhoti (ugon) as the lower garment, a sleeveless jacket (Mibu-Galuk) as the upper garment, a girdle (jinrek) at the waist over dhoti and jacket and a gamocha (dumer) tied as a turban on the head. On the other hand, females of Mising tribal community wear a mekhela (ege) as the lower garment from waist to ankle level, a chadar (gaseng) as the upper garment and another piece of cloth called "gero" is used to tie around the waist on top of ege.

Traditional Dress Worn by the Mising Male 

 
 
 

Traditional Dress Worn by the Mising Female

Po: Tub

It is used by Mising women to cover their head while working, such as cooking, cleaning house etc. It is blue or green in colour with white borders. The length of the cloth is around three feet in length and one and half feet in width.

Mosang Gasor:

It is an upper garment worn with the mosang ege. The colour and design of the mosang gasor is similar to the mosang ege.

Ege

An ege is a lower garment worn by Mising women to cover the lower part of the body from waist to ankle level. Mising women use different types of ege such as Mosang ege, Geging ege, Tapum ege etc.

Pe: Re

It a kin to Gero but, designed with narrow strip of red, black, yellow, green and white colour with a black or green border. Due to predominant strips of red colour the cloth appears to be reddish in colour.

Ku: Pob

It is a kin to Gero, except that the body in this case is woven in check with red, black and white colour also its design is simpler to than of gero.

Sori Potali

It is a kin to Gero, except that the body in this case is woven in check with red, black and white colour also its design is simpler than the gero.

Seleng Gasor

The length is same as other gasor. It is woven out of light cotton yarn worn occasionally instead of a ri:bi or a gaseng.

Segreg

It is a piece of cloth wrapped around the bust. Mostly used by the old ladies at home instead of Gasor
(chadar). It is plain in colour without any designs, but with contrasting colours on borders and both the ends of the cloths.

Gero

In a Gero the design is always woven in the centre of the cloth with red and black colours on white background. It is used by Mising women to tie around the waist and chest on top of ege (mekhela).

Other Important Traditional Costumes

Nisek

Nisek is a plain check material woven without design. It is used to carry a baby, tied to the back by a women while at work or during travel.

Ri: Bi

Woven with different stripes such as red, black and white. The stripes are distributed throughout the body at regular intervals. Simple designs of zig-zag lines and diamonds with red coloured threads are woven at both the ends of the cloth. Worn by the young girls on top of Ege on special occasions such as Ali-A: ye-Ligang, Po:rag and other important cultural functions.

Yambo

A special kind stripped piece of cloth. Basically the cloth is white in colour with designs of red and black colours spreading over the whole body of the cloth. It is used as wedding sheet to escort and welcome the bridegroom and
the bridge during marriage ceremony (Da:ro Midang).

Gadu

A kind of hand woven quilt, popularly known as Miri-jim used in the winter season to keep the body warmth in the cold night. It is made by ginning and spinning of pure cotton fibre in special type of loom with some special traditional implements. The gadu is different in both front and back side. One is the furry front surface and the other side is the back rough surface without furry. Generally the cloth is first woven in narrow width and then two pieces of such cloths are stitched together by hand

Gaseng

Similar to Ri:bi gasor but different in colour combination. It is basically made with red coloured thread giving intensively red look. Narrow stripes of black and white thread are sparsely woven in transverse direction over the body of the cloth. Floral and geometrical designs with red coloured threads are worked at both the ends of the cloth. It has important cultural significance and used by both male and female as shawls on special occasions.

Erpob/Erkog

It is a maflar, hang around the shoulder. Woven in red colour with cross stripes of different colours, such as black, white, yellow etc the stripes may be thickly or thinly placed transversely over the whole length of cloth.

Dumer

A kind of cloth similar to Gamocha in Assamese culture. The dumer is basically white in colour with the border in red. Beautiful geometrical and floral motifs are worked as cross border at one or both the ends. It has multiple uses such as hang around the shoulder in special occasions and used in day to day life as turban cloth, towel etc.

MIBU GALUK

It is a simple sleeveless front opening jacket available in different colours such as white, black, red, green, and yellow with different decorative designs. It is worn by all the male folks on special occasions or festivals and socio cultural functions. The Mibu Galuk is sewn by hand only but the Mibu-Galuk is sewn by machine also.

Ugon (Dhoti)

It is a lower garment white in colour. There are two types of ugon. One is simple ugon without designs used in day to day life and the other is Gonro ugon with thinly placed decorative designs worn as loin cloth on socio-cultural and religious functions.

Tapum-Gasor (Eri Shawl)

A kind of shawl type cloth woven from hand spun eri silk yarn and worn for getting warmth in winter. Both plain gasor (shawl) and designs with simple motifs shawls are available.

Jinrek or Tongali Dumer

It is a piece of cloth a kin to Dumer but a little longer and wider. Traditionally Jinrek is white in colour with motifs of flowers, bars and diamonds designs are worked in red colour at both ends. It is tied as a girdle at the waist over Mibu Galuk and Gonro Ugon (dhoti).

 

Traditional Ornaments

In any culture ornaments and jewellery play an important role which increases the beauty of the wearer. The Mising tribes women generally wear necklace, bangles, earrings etc. which are made of colourful beads, gold, silver, aluminum, coins and animal teeth.

Kongge

It is a bangle worn at the wrist and is made of silver. Kongge is round in shape and no design is applied on it. There is a gap between the two ends of kongge for easy put on or put off.

Onsarmora

Similar kind of ga:mkaru. But the only difference is size and shape. Onsarmora is made of both gold and silver.

Takti

Takti is the type of neck ornament where numbers of plant seeds are combining together into a thread and worn by Mising girls and women.

Chandoronghaar

It is a kind of silver neck ornament and is the longest among all ornaments worn by Mising Community.

Ain Kongge

Is a Gold Bangles available in both round and flat shapes. Mostly floral and geometrical designs are embossed on the surface of the bangles.

Lakpun

About three inches of colourful yarns of cotton and wool are combining together tied with two strong yarns. It is worn at wrist by Mising girls during dancing.

Ain A:be:a

It is a gold neck ornament made of red and gold beads with a gold pendant.

Lingkar

A kin of Assamese Golpota. Made of gold and silver and also made of animal teeth like Site Torong (elephant teeth), Sumyo A: ye (tiger teeth) etc.

Ga:mkaru

It is also a kind of bangles and is made up of silver. Designs of floral and geometrical patterns are embossed on it. For the purpose of opening and closing a pin with screw is used.

Tadog and Dogne

These are types of neck ornaments worn by the upper class Mising women during religious functions. Made up of colourful beads like yellow, red, blue, white and black. Both are similar in colour but only difference is the size of beads. Tadog is made of bigger beads and dogne is made of small beads.

Murkong a: be

A type of flat necklace made of silver with red coloured stones.

Pisiring

Means earrings and are made of gold, silver, copper etc with or without some coloured stones.

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